Chinese cooking history with vegetables and more……

   “There are many kinds of Chinese food, so it is hard to say which one can represent Chinese history and culture.

Personally, I think hot pot can be a good representative.
The copper pot in northern China
Chongqing hot pot is famous for spicy .
Hot pot has been in China for more than 1900 years. China has found the first pot in the Han dynasty.
With the advance of Chinese history, the content of hot pot has been changing. From the earliest vegetables and pork to the later beef and mutton.
However, no matter how it changes, it embodies the core of Chinese culture, the collective spirit.
Hot pot is a cauldron, people sit together to eat, embodies the spirit of sharing and harmonious interpersonal relationships.”

Cooking moves me to want to eat more!

   “The basic “cardinal sins” that I can think of (as covered more eloquently by some of the other answers) can apply to both home cooking and restaurant cooking.

Thou shalt not underseason. Basically, bland food is super boring and can actually be a chore to eat, which is the exact opposite reaction you want when cooking for someone.
Think Gordon Ramsay in every single episode of Kitchen Nightmares, ever. His reactions aren’t overdone. Bland food is gross.
  • DNFtS, ok? Do Not Fear the Salt™. Most importantly, salt your base. (Not a euphemism.) Boiling veggies or pasta? Add salt to the water first. Salt your meat/fish before adding it to the pan. Making a soup or stew, where you fry the onions up before adding the meat? Salt the damn onions. DNFtS. Salt As You Go™ (SAYG).
  • Basically, embrace your inner Salt Bae.
Thou shalt not over-season. DNFtSing does have its drawbacks, especially when one does not continue to taste as one is DNFtSing. SAYG with common sense, folks. (One time to Fear the Salt would be when making stock. Less is more in that case. Make a sauce with overseasoned stock and you’ll have inedible pond-scum by the time it’s finished reducing.)
Thou shalt not over-/under-cook. Yes, continuing with extremes here. Basically, undercook a chicken thigh and you might send someone to the emergency room. Overcook a pork chop and you’re sending someone to the dentist.
Thou shalt not cross-contaminate. Or, you know, basic disrespect of cleanliness and sanitation. If blood touches the cutting board, wash it thoroughly before using it for anything else. Don’t use food past its date. Don’t use the same tablecloth for both kitchen surfaces and the plate. Wash them filthy hands, and wash them good. Don’t double-dip your tasting spoon.
  • I once saw a guy throw away a bunch of fish bones, realise he needed them for stock, and then retrieve them from the garbage can. Oh my God. Do not be that guy.
  • Old meat, fish, and dairy have the power to kill. There’s no excuse for serving old or rotten food. Slimy veggies and moldy fruit have no place in a dining room… or kitchen, for that matter. Keep that shit in the fridge and you’ll have the bacteria finding new homes in the nearby fresh ingredients. Yum.
    • Saran wrap/cling film is your best friend…Except for when you’re sticking still-warm food into the fridge or freezer. Always leave a corner free to let out the steam, or else the condensation that’ll build up will become a breeding ground for bacteria.
Thou shalt not false-advertise. AKA telling your customers/dinner guests that you use fresh ingredients when you’re really using frozen, or listing a Super Special Expensive Ingredient when you’re really using the shittiest, cheapest kind available. People go apeshit over things like cut cocaine or cheap wine sold with expensive labels. This is the same thing. Lying is lying.
These are just the basics. The ground rules. The Absolute No-No’s. There are many hundreds of other things to watch out for when cooking, but these are the Six Commandments.
Thanks for the A2A, Kyle Hooks !
Edit: So, as the views on this answer climb higher, so does the amount of people irritated enough by Cardinal Sin #1 that they’re compelled to comment.
So far, only one of those commenters has pointed out an important exception that I failed to address: there do exist people in this world with medical conditions that would be exacerbated by salt.
I’ve cooked for these people. My grandmother is one of these people. It’s quite common. No offense meant to them. Again, they are an important exception.
Now, as for you folks who have commented that unsalted food actually tastes better than food with salt in it, or that salt can and should be replaced by other herbs and spices, or even that using salt as seasoning is a sign of a bad cook (c’mon, man, are you serious?)….
Ok. Maybe there are some crossed wires here. What I mean by salting as you go is this:
Not this:
(Photo credits: photographer- me, my right hand- mine, the sauce base in the background- also mine)
A pinch of salt. You know, to enhance the already existing flavours? That sauce has fresh tomatoes, olive oil, freshly picked basil and parsley, onions, and a few other things inside. I assure you that the flavours were richer and sharper after I added a pinch of salt.
But if you really do think you prefer food with zero salt in it, that’s your prerogative. I’d just like to remind you that salt is naturally occurring, so pretty much everything you eat has salt in it anyway, to varying degrees. I’ll bet you all the money I own (currently about 20 euros) that the best meal of your life had salt in it.
That’s all I’ll say about it. I won’t be answering comments on this subject anymore. Please enjoy your saltless existences, and if you really feel that strongly about it then write your own answer, please.”


   “There are already great answers here, but more great visualization images would be even better.

So, compared to this $1 million dollar stack:
Here is how $1 billion dollar looks like:
Here is how $1 trillion dollars looks like:
Or it can look like this:
Extra Bonus
Here is the US debt in 2013 ($16 trillion):
Well, now it’s over $19 trillion, so you have to add some additional ‘money buildings’.


   “No. Samurai are romanticized a lot, especially in western movies. It’s similar with ninja.

One major inaccuracy is their use of the katana. Historically, the katana was mostly a ceremonial weapon. Samurai primarily used the bow from horseback. On foot, they would use a spear (yari) or a naginata. And if you thought samurai follow the ‘way of the sword’, then think again because originally it was the ‘way of the bow’ (and horse). See this excellent article for more information:
Another key point to remember is that samurai were part of a Feudal society. This was generally not a very pleasant society to live in, unless you were part of the upper class. Historically, samurai had a higher status than all the normal citizens (like fishermen, carpenters, farmers, …) and could get away with almost anything. From the Tofugu article:
While peasants toiled in the fields to feed the nation and pay taxes and merchants struggled to maintain a respectable position in society, the samurai worked desk jobs for rice stipends. Disposable income afforded samurai the luxuries of materialism and the former warriors became Japan’s most fashionable class. In other words, samurai represented “the one percent” (actually six to eight percent according to Don Cunningham) of the Tokugawa era.
It’s highly debatable whether a code of bushido actually existed and how widely it was followed by samurai. A code of honor is, for sure, both impractical and inefficient if you want to survive on the battlefield. The movie The Last Samuraishows us how guns are ‘dishonourable’, yet what is the difference between using a gun or using a bow to kill someone from afar? So, how could guns lead to an ‘abandoning of samurai values’?
This is what a traditional samurai would look like:
Another inaccuracy which is true for both the depiction of samurai and ninja; is that they were all elite warriors. This was definitely not the case. Most ninja were largely untrained and simply acted as spies. They would wear a disguise, dressed as a peasant or monk, instead of the black outfits we see in movies. Similarly, there were both rich and poor and untrained and elite samurai. Like European knights, their equipment and training would vary greatly.
While some samurai may have existed who were very skilled with a sword and had a high sense of honor, there is no evidence that this was true for all samurai. Samurai as legendary swordsmen is a Hollywood invention.
However, I should give credit where credit is due. The Last Samurai did not get it all wrong, here they show proper use of the naginata and yari as a primary weapon:”

Space is just ahead!

   “How many of you know this guy?

He is Dr. Wernher von Braun. He was born in Germany and was a Sturmbannführer in the Waffen-SS during the period of Nazi Germany. He developed the famous V-2 rocket that was used to bomb London. That rocket sort of formed the basis of modern launch vehicles. He later became the chief designer for Saturn V rocket and one of the leaders in Apollo missions which put a man on the Moon.
In 1945, under the Operation Paperclip, he was brought to the United States of America along with 104 other Aeronautical and Rocket Engineers since the Americans thought these people hold vital knowledge.
From 1945 until 1955, he was working with the US Army but didn’t see much action because of his Nazi past and US Army’s dereliction.
He devoted most of his time to writing books and explaining his future space exploration visions to the public.
Now, what’s the mind blowing fact?
In 1952, he wrote a book called Project Mars – A Technical Tale.
In that book, in Page #177, Paragraph 3 read:
The Martian government was directed by ten men, the leader of whom was elected by universal suffrage for five years and entitled “Elon.” Two houses of Parliament enacted laws to be administered by the Elon and his cabinet.
Fast forward in 2017, we have this guy Elon Musk pursuing Human Spaceflight missions to Mars.
So, I ask you now. Is your mind blown?”

Shop For All Your Patio Needs!

Rich habits!

   “Here are top five habits that almost all the successful and happy people have which helped them to improve their life.

  1. Writing Goals Daily: Write your top 2–3 goals daily on paper before starting your day. These are the goals that you have to achieve in next 6 months or 1 year. While writing the goals imagine yourself in a state that you have achieved it. Your goal should be so clear and realistic (achievable in the time limit). Let say you want to buy abc car of xyz brand after 1 year, so write something like this I have a abc car of xyz brand. It wont take more than 2 mins to write the goals. Believe me this little habit can make a big change in your life. By writing goals we are actually ordering over subconscious mind. The subconscious mind is so powerful that whatever it believes, good or bad it achieves it. Only just writing wont make any difference until you make a plan and work for goals.
  2. Feel Grateful: Be thankful and feel grateful for whatever you have achieved so far. Either small or big it doesn’t matter. Feeling grateful will fill your mind with positive energy and you get motivation to achieve more.
  3. Make Daily To Do List: In the morning before starting your day or before sleeping at night just make a list of things that you have to do same day or next day. You can write it on a paper or sticky note or in your mobile phone. Keep it somewhere so that you can see it again and again during the day. That will remind you have things to do in that particular day. Write them according to their priorities. These are the things that will help you to achieve your top goals. You may get new things during the day so add them also according their priorities. Do the work according to the list and whenever you finish a work just mark it as done. Completed tasks will give you motivation to do unfinished tasks.
  4. Exercise Daily: Doing exercise will keep your body and mind fit and you are filled with energy to do your work. Its not necessary that you go to gym. Even 15–30mins running or yoga or simple walk is enough.
  5. Read & Learn: Read as much as you can. Read books, articles, watch videos on daily basis. Even 30mins daily reading is enough. It can be related to motivation, self improvement, business, etc. Keep learning new things and improving your knowledge and skills. Once Bill Gates & Warren Buffett asked in an interview “If you could have one superpower, what would it be and why?”They replied the power of reading fast. Although I have mentioned this habit at last but its most important among all.
There is great quote by Sir Vivek Bindra.
“The biggest investment in your cash can anytime crash but the biggest investment in your brain will give you highest gain.””

Switz wealth

   “I spend a lot of time in Switzerland and know its history well. Property prices, food prices and salaries are double what they are in most of Europe.
One reason the country is rich is that in the early days of the Swiss Confederacy, Switzerland controlled the Alpine Mountain passes and their “Robber Barons” exacted tolls from merchants passing from Venice to Germany, etc. Swiss trade fairs were well known international events in medieval times.
There were many Swiss mercenaries (soldiers) and craftsmen (like church architects and stone masons from Ticino) who went all over the world and brought wealth back. Contrary to popular belief, Switzerland did have natural resources. Swiss steel had a top reputation.
In more modern times, Switzerland produces high-quality products of all types: pharmaceuticals (Novartis, Roche), food (Nestle), seeds, and wholesale commodities (Glencore). Hilti produces heavy machinery. Swiss watchmakers include Rolex, Swatch, Patek Philippe, etc. In other words, the Swiss produce billions of Francs worth of high quality expensive products for export.
Their banks are among the largest in the world with branches in every country (UBS, Credit Suisse, etc).
Switzerland is where most of the gold mined elsewhere is refined and put into 99.99% pure coins and bars. The refined gold is stored safely for customers and governments in Swiss vaults.
The Cantons of Helvetia were independent early on, but they agreed to fight together if ever invaded. The result was many centuries of neutrality while their neighbors continually invaded and destroyed each other. In the old days Swiss pikemen were adept at swinging long heavy axes or pikes. Swiss archers were also very good with the crossbow (Balestra). They were the best fighters of their day. Today they still have the best and most modern weapons of war, along with universal military training. The passes and tunnels are all mined so that in the event of invasion, all passages through the country will automatically be blocked. This is one main reason that Hitler did not invade although he controlled ALL the countries around Switzerland. In times of war, the Swiss profited by selling high-tech equipment (like Norden bombsights) and high explosives made by Nobel factories in Switzerland.
They were an early democracy without kings or nobility. Thus there was little exploitation of the poor. Local farmers are considered a “national treasure”. They are very prosperous and not looked down upon as are peasants in most countries. The local ethic was in favor of saving and reinvesting, not conspicuous consumption.
Switzerland, being religiously tolerant, became early on a destination for wealthy refugees. Especially during the French Revolution, aristocrats escaped and brought gold and jewelry with them. Swiss bankers were discreet and good at managing money.
There is almost no unemployment because Switzerland imports guest workers from Turkey and poorer countries on short-term contracts (no residence or citizenship!) to do the dirty jobs. When an economic cycle downturn causes unemployment in other countries, the Swiss send the guest workers home, thus exporting the unemployed. There are no vagrants nor slums in Switzerland.
Their currency was until recently one of the few actually backed by gold. The coins were until recently made of real silver. There is an unrestricted free market in gold, currency, and almost everything else. Switzerland is about as close as you can get to a purely capitalistic country.
And that is why Switzerland and its people are rich. Please read my other answers and if you like them, give me an upvote. I just gotta have one of those Ptagonian sweatshirts they give out to Quora’s valued contributors. Hope this helps→Peter ->

What does the future of AI hold?

   “To quote Bill Gates “We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. Don’t let yourself be lulled into inaction.”
In short, over the next ten years, I don’t believe AI is overhyped. However, in 2017, will all our jobs be automated away by bots? Unlikely. I believe the technology has incredible potential and will permeate across all aspects of our lives. But today, my sense is that many people don’t understand what the state of AI is, and thus contribute to hype.
So what can AI do today?
Artificial intelligence, a concept dating back to the 50s, is simply the notion that machine can performance tasks that require human intelligence. But AI today is not what the science fiction movies portray it to be. What we can do today falls in the realm of narrow AI (vs general intelligence), which is the idea that machines can perform very specific tasks in a constrained environment. With narrow AI, there are a variety of techniques that you may have heard of. I’ll use examples to illustrate differences.
Let’s say you want to figure out my age (which is 31).
1) Functional programming: what we commonly know as programming, a way to tell a computer to do something in a deterministic fashion. I tell my computer that to compute my age, it needs to solve AGE = today’s date – birth date. Then I give it my birth date (Dec 4, 1985). There is 0% chance the computer will get my age wrong.
2) Machine learning: an application of AI where we give machines data and let them learn for themselves to probabilitically predict an outcome. The machine improves its ability to predict with experience and more relevant data. So take age for example. What if I had 1,000 data sets of people’s ages and song preferences? Song preference is highly correlated with generation. For example, Led Zeppelin and The Doors fans are mostly 40+ and Selena Gomez fans are generally younger than 25. Then I could ask the computer given that I love the Spice Girls and Backstreet Boys, how old does it think I am? The computer then looks at these correlations and compares it with a list of my favorite songs to predict my age within x% probability. This is a very simple example of using machine learning..
3) Deep Learning: is a type of machine learning emerged in the last few years, and talked widely about in the media when Google DeepMind’s AlphaGo program defeated South Korean Master Lee Se-dol in the board game Go.…
Deep learning goes a step further than ML in that it enables the machine to learn purely by providing examples. In contrast, ML requires programmers to tell the computer what it should look for. As a result deep learning functions much more like the human brain. This especially works well with applications like image recognition.
4) Deep reinforcement learning: DRL goes one step further and combines deep learning with reinforcement learning which is the notion of learning by trial-and-error, solely from rewards or punishments. DRL mimics how children learn – they see observe other people doing things, they try things out and depending on the reward, they either repeat them or not!
Machine learning technologies have become more available (and the reason why there has been increasing media hype around this space) has been driven by advancements in 3 areas:
1) Infrastructure to run ML algorithms – massive improvements in storage, processing capabilities (i.e. GPUs that speed up parallel processing), and accessibility for rapid innovation (cloud)
2) New available algorithms developed
3) Data proliferation to train algorithms
Between algorithms innovation and data availability, I believe data plays a more crucial role in advancements. If you look at the chart below, breakthroughs in AI have been quickly followed by availability of datasetswhile many of the corresponding algorithms have been available for over a decade.
AI will permeate our lives in the next 10 years. Think of the possible time, money, and manpower saved by automating simple processes. And as the technology becomes more advanced, the use cases will get even more exciting. I think it’s a wonderful time as an entrepreneur to be able to leverage this technology, and I couldn’t be more excited as an investor.”